**Which is the correct one to use – top or bottom ?**

**The ________ of the stairs**

**a ________ less pit**

**the ________ line**

**________ notch**

**double ________ milk**

**________ sy turvy**

**bus s________**

**screw ________**

**s________ ped**

**spinning ________**

**s________**

**________ dog**

**________ brass**

**________ drawer**

**________ gear**

**________ hat**

**s________**

**________ gap**

**s ________ ping**

**________ end**

**the ________ dollar**

**from the ________ of my heart**

**s________ off**

**s________ press**

**s________ watch**

**pull out all the s________s**

**s________ cock**

**s________ ped**

**s________ over**

**s________ thief !**

**________ ping**

**________ heavy**

**________ man**

**________ side**

**________ soil**

**________ up my glass**

**________ level**

**on ________ of the world**

**________side of beef**

**at the ________ of his voice**

**over the ________**

**________ az**

**________ priority**

**circus big ________**

**at ________ capacity**

**________ speed**

**________ of the Pops !**

**The ________ – selling**

**at the ________ of the garden**

**________ ple over**

**________ ic of conversation**

** 1/ Last Sunday, my Mum cut the roast beef into 24 slices and shared them between her, Dad, myself and my brother in a ratio of 1 : 3 : 2 : 2. How many slices of topside beef did each person receive ?**

** 2/ My glass should contain 250 mls, but I drank 15%. When my glass needed topping up, how much extra was added ?**

** 3/ The Himalayan mountains are often described as the “top of the world”, if a Sherpa can climb at a speed of 2.5 km per hour, he walked for 8 hours per day and his trek lasted 3 days, how high did he climb in this time ?**

** 4/ If I jump up three steps at a time to the top of the stairs, how many steps are there in the stairs if I leap 15 times ?**

** 5/ When I looked inside my purse – I was down to my bottom dollar ! How much did I have in my purse to start with if on one shopping trip, I spent the following :**

**$5.99 on food
$29.99 on a new camera
$5.99 on a new book
$6.99 on a bottle of wine
$1.50 on a pair of socks**

** 6/ I waited at the bus – stop for one eighth of the time of the bus journey, which lasted 2 hours. How long did I wait ?**

** 7/ The journey to the bottom of the sea in a submarine took 9.5 hours. If the submarine travelled at a speed of 25 km / hour, how far was this ?**

** 8/ The bridegroom was 2 metres tall but, when he put on his top hat, he was 15% bigger – how tall was he wearing his hat ?**

** 9/ Work out the volume of my top drawer which was 1.5 m long x 5.5 m wide x 50 cm deep/high.**

** 10/ If a milkman carries 600 bottles of milk in his milk cart, with red, gold and silver milk tops, in a ratio of 1 : 2 : 3, how many bottles of each type of milk is there ?**

** 11/ Every month, of the 500 messages that the spy received from HQ, 4 were urgent messages about a top priority mission, 8 were top secret and 12 arrived at top speed.**

**a) What fraction of the messages received from HQ were about a top priority mission ?
b) What decimal of the messages received from HQ were top secret ?
c) What percentage of the messages received from HQ arrived at top speed ?**

** 12/ The spinning top travelled across the floor at a speed of 30 cm / minute,**

**a) How far did it travel in 20 minutes ? Give your answer in cm and m.
b) How long did it take to travel across the room (15 m in length) ?**

** 13/ At full capacity, the circus big top could hold an audience of 500 people, but if it was only 80 % full, how many spare, empty seats were left ?**

** 14/ The sailor sailed at top speed, which was three times faster than second gear, which was twice as fast as third gear, which was a speed of 15 km/hour. Therefore, how fast were second and top speed ? Write an algebraic expression to solve this question.**

** 15/ Top of the Pops ! The best top – selling hit sold three times as many recordings as the number two hit, which sold 150 000 more than number three. If the number three hit sold 200 000, how many recordings did the top hit sell ? Write an algebraic expression to solve this question.**

** 16/ Imagine a gardener covering his garden with top soil. If the garden was 100 m long x 150 m wide and 75 grams of top soil covered one and a half square metres,**

**a) Work out the surface area of the lawn
b) Then how much top soil was needed in total ?
c) How many bags of top soil were needed, if one bag contained 500 kg ?**

** 17/ At the bottom of a garden lives a toad who can jump 5.5 cm in one leap. How many leaps does it take the toad to jump 10 metres ?**

** 18/ At the top of the cupboard are 5 tins of baked beans, 10 tins of soup, 15 tins of ham and 20 tins of tuna.**

**a) What fraction of the tins are baked beans ?
b) What decimal of the tins are soup ?
c) What percentage of the tins are ham ?
d) Express the different types of tins as a ratio.
e) Work out the volume of one tin if the radius is 3.5 cm and the tin is 15 cm high.**

** 19/ What is the height of the bus stop if it is one – tenth bigger than the person waiting in the queue who is 189 cm high ?**

** 20/ I stacked up 25 of my books but 80 % toppled over, how many were left ?**

**Answers :
1/ One part = 24 / 8 = 3 therefore, 3 : 9 : 6 : 6
2/ 250 / 100 x 15 = 37.5
3/ 8 x 3 = 24 hours x 2.5 km = 60 km
4/ 15 x 3 = 45
5/ 5.99 + 29.99 + 5.99 + 6.99 + 1.50 = $50.46
6/ 120 / 8 = 15 mins
7/ 25 x 9.5 = 237.5 km
8/ 200 + (200 / 100 x 15 = 30 cm) = 230 cm
9/ 150 x 550 x 0.5 = 41250 cubic cm
10/ One part = 600 / 6 = 100 therefore 100 : 200 : 300
11/ a) 4 / 500 = 1 / 125 b) 8 / 500 = 62.5 c) 12 / 500 = 2.4 %
12/ a) 30 x 20 = 600 cm = 6 m b) 15 x 100 = 1500 / 30 = 50 mins
13/ 500 – (500 / 100 x 80 = 400) = 100
14/ If top speed = a, second gear = b and third gear = c, a = 3b (2c). We know that c (third gear) equals 15, therefore, 15 x 2 x 3 = 60 km / hour
15/ If number one hit = a; number two hit = b ; number three hit = c
a = 3 b + c = 3 x (200 000 + 150 000) = 350 000 x 3 = 1 , 050, 000
16/ a) 100 x 150 = 15 000 square metres b) 15 000 / 1.5 = 10 000 x 75 = 750 000 c) 750 000 / 500 = 1500 bags
17/ 10 x 100 / 5.5 = 181.8 jumps
18/ a) 5 / 50 = 1 / 10th b) 10 / 50 = 0.2 c) 15 / 50 = 30 % d) 5 : 10 : 15 : 20 = 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 e)
19/ 189 + (189 / 10 = 18.9) = 207.9 cm
20/ 25 – (25 / 100 x 80 = 20) 5**

**© Jacqueline Richards 2007**

**Answers :
The top of the stairs
a bottomless pit
the bottom line
top notch
double top milk
topsy turvy
bus stop
screw top
stopped
spinning top
stop
top dog
top brass
top drawer
top gear
top hat
stop
stop gap
stopping
top end
the bottom dollar
from the bottom of my heart
stop off
stop press
stop watch
pull out all the stops
stop cock
stopped
stop over
stop thief !
topping
top heavy
topman
topside
top soil
top up my glass
top level
on top of the world
topside of beef
at the top of his voice
over the top
topaz
top priority
circus big top
top selling
top of the pops
top secret
at the bottom of the garden
topple over
topic of conversation**